At that time, the Soviet Union, which had hitherto constituted one of the axes of the bipolar division of the world, due to increasing economic and political crises as well as the policies of ”glasnost” and ”perestroika” proposed by its leader - Mikhail Gorbachev - initiated the policy of détente in its relations with the West. This undoubtedly affected relations to the satellite countries which gradually underwent the process resulting in the admission of opposition circles to power. ”The Revolutions of 1989” also covered such countries as Hungary (talks of the authorities with the opposition in summer 1989), Czechoslovakia (”the Velvet Revolution”), Romania (the overthrow of the rule of Nicolae Ceaușescu), Bulgaria and the GDR.

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