The division of Germany and the differences in the economic sphere as well as in the principles of exercising foreign policy related to this fact led to the situation that one nation lived under two different political systems. The Communist party which was in power in East Germany - SED - maintained the monopoly governance system, while at the same time trying to isolate the society from the capitalist world. However, many Germans chose the path of freedom, making, not always effective, attempts at escaping. A wave of refugees tried to flee to the West by choosing a path through the embassies of the Federal Republic of Germany, e.g. in Prague, Warsaw or Vienna. The discontent did not decrease even after the appointment of a new leader. Erich Honecker was substituted in October 1989 by Egon Krenz. This, however, did not have any positive influence on the reduction in social tensions within the GDR swept by a wave of protests. On 9 November, the Secretary of the District Committee of SED - Günter Schabowski announced a (temporary) legal regulation which allowed each citizen of the GDR to travel to the West. In essence, this meant the fall of the Berlin Wall and the first step towards unification of Germany. At that time, the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany - Helmut Kohl visited Poland. Having received information about the fall of the Berlin Wall, he interrupted his visit and went to Berlin.

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