While the official relations between Poland and Germany were rather quite complex in nature and were not free from formal obstacles, the Polish-German cooperation of various social circles developed despite official obstacles. The establishment of dialogue was not simple, however, it was not impossible either. In 1958, the Action Reconciliation initiative was set up – this project was aimed at undertaking activities related to reconciliation and the building of bridges between people.

”We are still able, without any harm to the obligation of taking scrupulous political decisions, to oppose self-absolution, bitterness and hatred, if we ourselves really forgive, ask for forgiveness and implement this belief in practice.” Other organisations such as e.g. ”Pax Christi” or the Central Committee of German Catholics maintained contacts with independent circles in Poland, related to, among others, the journalists from ”Znak”, ”Więź”, ”Tygodnik Powszechny”, or the members of Catholic Intelligentsia Clubs. These contacts would often turn into genuine and long-lasting friendships.

The letter of the Polish bishops to the German bishops from the year 1965 constituted an important step towards the improvement of relations between the two nations. Its important message “We forgive and ask for forgiveness” was another step taken to initiate dialogue. The reply of the bishops, and then the Catholic memorandum of the Circle from Bensberg are other steps directed at the normalisation of mutual relations.

At the beginning of the 80s, following the events in Poland after the establishment of “Solidarity”, this movement found many followers both in the German Democratic Republic and Federal Republic of Germany. In Western Germany a spontaneous action was organised in support of the activities of the “Solidarity”. Right after the imposition of Martial Law, packages with food and drugs were sent to Poland. At the end of the 80s, initiatives which supported action for the freedom of German society in the GDR were also taken.

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