The most important document that ended the visit of the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany was the “Joint Declaration” signed by both heads of governments on 14 November 1989 in Warsaw.

A reference was made in the said document to historic events which got in the way of the mutual cooperation of both nations in the 20th century. As these issues were clarified, a plan for strict cooperation in the future was drafted. It was supposed to cover all fields of economic and social life in both countries. The good will of both governments as well as the willingness to lift all constraints heralded a significant breakthrough in the relations between Poland and Germany.
The treaty of 7 December 1970 was treated as a solid foundation for the normalisation of bilateral relations.

Art. 52.

Poland gives its consent to the establishment of a national pavilion in the former concentration camp Auschwitz by the Federal Republic of Germany, the placement of plaques commemorating the German resistance movement in the castle in Krzyżowa and in the former headquarters near Kętrzyn as well as in the house in Chełmno where Kurt Schumacher was born.

Further, less important arrangements were focused on separate agreements on youth exchanges. Attention was paid to the significance of the contribution of the young generation in the shaping of the “peaceful future of Europe”. The financial security intended for the accomplishment of the set objectives was to be a fund that would serve the financing of the projects for both interested parties in Poland. The funds from the outstanding credit payments from the year 1975 were allocated to this purpose. In particular, the funds were supposed to serve the following purposes: “An exchange of youth and construction of shelters and meeting centres for the youth” and “the restoration and preservation of the monuments of culture of European and historic significance”

Art. 78.

In conformance with the deep and long-lasting wish of their nations, both parties - in the development of mutual relations oriented towards the future - will strive for the healing of the wounds of the past through understanding and reconciliation, and will strengthen their mutual trust in order to shape a better future together.


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